Archived. Personal names from this early period, preserved in cuneiform records, provide an indirect picture of the western Semitic language Amorite. (New York: Doubleday, 1992), 38 2 A. Mazar, Archaeology, 48-49. Semitic Branch. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Semitic languages are spoken in northern, central and eastern Ethiopia (mainly in Tigray, Amhara, Harar and northern part of the Southern Peoples' State regions). 3 languages. This is because Eblaite has both elements linguistically. Semites).These peoples are the North-Arabians, the South-Arabians, the Abyssinians (ancient and modern), the ancient Babylonians and Assyrians, the various Aramean tribes, the Hebrews and their kindred (the Moabites and Edomites), the Canaanites, and the Phenicians and their colonies. See more ideas about History, Semitic languages, Germany map. A comprehensive map showing the distribution of the Semitic languages would have been helpful. Geez was the official language of Ethiopia before Amharic. Mesopotamia, the western coast of the Semites).These peoples are the North-Arabians, the South-Arabians, the Abyssinians (ancient and modern), the ancient Babylonians and Assyrians, the various Aramean tribes, the Hebrews and their kindred (the Moabites and Edomites), the Canaanites, and the Phenicians and their colonies. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Semitic languages are presently accepted as one of the branches of Afro-Asiatic languages. The Galilean and Babylonian dialects played important roles in the transmission of the traditions of Judaism. Log in. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Linguistic_maps_of_Semitic_languages&oldid=270952390, Linguistic maps of Afro-Asiatic languages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Offering more different forms of Aramaic than any other program in North America, the department reflects Catholic University's historical commitment to integrate religious studies with the arts and sciences. Semitic languages, languages that form a branch of the Afro-Asiatic language phylum. A Western Aramaic dialect is still spoken in the vicinity of Maʿlūlā, Syria, and Eastern Aramaic survives in the form of Ṭuroyo (native to an area in eastern Turkey), Modern Mandaic (in western Iran), and the Neo-Syriac or Assyrian dialects (in Iraq, Turkey, and Iran). Eventually, Sumerian was eclipsed by Akkadian and other Semitic languages as the primary language of the Sumerians, although it was still used ceremonially until the 1st century CE. Other Semitic languages designated as official are Hebrew in Israel (where Arabic also enjoys special status) and Maltese in Malta (with English). The most common example is the influence of Aramaic on some texts written in Jewish Koine Greek. Among the several forms of Aramaic that left written records were Hatran, Mandaic, Nabatean, Palmyrene, and, in particular, Syriac in Edessa. Many of the numerous languages of Ethiopia are Semitic, including Amharic (with some 17 million speakers) and, in the north, Tigrinya (some 5.8 million speakers) and Tigré (more than 1 million speakers). the 23rd century BC (see Sargon of Akkad) and Eblaite. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Semitic languages - Wikipedia. The Central Semitic languages are a proposed intermediate group of Semitic languages, comprising the Late Iron Age, modern dialect of Arabic (prior to which Arabic was a Southern Semitic language), and older Bronze Age Northwest Semitic languages (which include Aramaic, Ugaritic, and the Canaanite languages of Hebrew and Phoenician). They use the Ge'ez script that is unique to the country, which consists of 33 letters, each of which denotes 7 … Semitic languages Group of languages spoken by peoples native to n Africa and the Middle East and forming one of the five branches of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Amharic (also known as Amarinya, Amarigna) is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia. in Semitic and Egyptian Languages and Literatures. Inscriptions using the Phoenician alphabet (from which the modern European alphabets were ultimately to descend) appeared throughout the Mediterranean area as Phoenician commerce flourished; Punic, the form of the Phoenician language used in the important North African colony of Carthage, remained in use until the 3rd century ce. For more information see: About translating SVG files . Please notice that Eblaite is listed in both the Eastern and Western Proto-Semitic lines. As a literary language, Arabic produced an immense amount of scholarly and artistic literature, much of which was recorded in Kūfic script, the earliest form of Arabic calligraphy. Languages spoken by the Semitic peoples (comp. Together with other language sub-groupings such as Chadic, Berber, Nilotic, Omotic etc, the Semitic groups of languages are definitely African in origin. Abraham was an Akkadian speaker, and Jesus’s native tongue was Aramaic. By the early 2nd millennium bce, Akkadian dialects in Babylonia and Assyria had acquired the cuneiform writing system used by the Sumerians, causing Akkadian to become the chief language of Mesopotamia. Today. Contributed by Elie Wardini al@mashriq. Mother language of all languages. In the northern part of the Arabian Peninsula, traces of early North Arabian languages, including Liḥyanite, Safaitic, and Thamudic, have been uncovered. Dedicated to advancing the dialogue between faith and reason, Catholic University seeks to discover and impart the truth through excellence in teaching and research. Semitic languages. This W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape . This SVG file contains embedded text that can be translated into your language, using the SVG Translate tool or any capable SVG editor. Semitic languages constitute a the most populous branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Linguistic maps of Aramaic languages‎ (14 F) Media in category "Linguistic maps of Semitic languages" The following 28 files are in this category, out of 28 total. Overview. The Department of Semitic and Egyptian Languages and Literatures at Catholic University provides students with graduate level training in Ancient Near East and Christian Near East studies. The Semitic subfamily may be divided into East, West (or Central), and South (or Ethiopic) Semitic. This page was last edited on 7 December 2017, at 15:20. Semitic languages are important due to the histories of the Ancient Semitic civilizations, such as Sumeria, the Hebrew communities, Arab communities and Aramaic-speaking communities of today. 1. Most of the written and broadcast communication in the Arab world is conducted in this uniform literary language, alongside which numerous local Arabic dialects, often differing profoundly from one another, are used for purposes of day-to-day communication. The Semitic and Other Afroasiatic Languages. The map of Arabia (on p. 757) is difficult to read. Semitic is the major branch of the Afro-Asiatic phylum. The oldest in the group is Ancient Egyptian, which is known from one of the earliest writing systems, hieroglyphics.All the other other languages here that are attested from ancient times are in the Semitic sub-family. Arabic is the official language of Algeria (with Tamazight), Bahrain, Chad (with French), Djibouti (with French), Egypt, Iraq (with Kurdish), Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania (where Arabic, Fula [Fulani], Soninke, and Wolof have the status of national languages), Morocco, Oman, the Palestinian Authority, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia (with Somali), Sudan (with English), Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The Semitic languages, previously also named Syro-Arabian languages, are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East[2] that are spoken by more than 330 million people across much of Western Asia, North Africa and the Horn of Africa,[3] as well as in often large immigr Dec 28, 2012 - Mapping the Semitic Languages: Currently c. 2012 Saved by Debra Cook. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. 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