Carpinus caroliniana. Middelgrote boom met een wat onregelmatige vrijwel ronde kroon. De grijze schors heeft soms een blauwe glans. Attractive in all seasons, Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam) is a slow-growing, small to medium-sized deciduous tree of upright-spreading habit with a rounded crown. OK. The buds are brown and protrude from the twig. american hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) leaf, american hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) leaf underside, american hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) leaves, american hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) leaves 2. Family Name: Betulaceae (Birch Family) The American Hornbeam is botanically called Carpinus caroliniana. An attractively shaped, low-maintenance understory tree for shady sites. Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is an attractive small tree that is common, but not abundant in its natural range. The branches are brown to gray, thin and grow slightly zigzag. Easily grown in average, medium moisture soil in part shade to full shade. Carpinus caroliniana at the Missouri Botanical Garden. virginiana (Marsh.) Medium-size tree with a rather irregular, almost round crown. Plant in the spring. The upper surface of the leaf blades is medium to dark green and hairless to sparsely short-hairy, while the lower surface is pale to medium green and sparsely short-hairy. Difficult to transplant due to deep spreading lateral roots. Not particularly flashy or showy, but just a nice, well-shaped specimen with interesting bark for those of you who prefer native plants in your yard. Edited by Susan M. Fraser and Sally Armstrong Leone. hornbeam Betulaceae Carpinus caroliniana Walter symbol: CACA18 Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical to ovate, 3 to 5 inches long, pinnately veined, tip acuminate, doubly serrate margin; waxy, smooth green above, paler below. Carpinus caroliniana, commonly called American hornbeam, is a slow-growing, deciduous, small to medium-sized understory tree with an attractive globular form.It is native to Missouri where it is typically found in rich moist woods, valleys, ravine bottoms and rocky slopes along streams throughout the eastern and Ozark regions of the state (Steyermark). Prefers moist, organically rich soils. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 12 m (39 ft) high. Carpinus caroliniana: American Hornbeam 2 Description Height: 20 to 30 feet Spread: 20 to 30 feet Crown uniformity: symmetrical Crown shape: oval Crown density: dense Growth rate: slow Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: double serrate Leaf shape: ovate, oblong Leaf venation: pinnate To cite this image, use the following credit line: "Steven J. Baskauf http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/" If possible, link to the stable URL for this page. No serious insect or disease problems. Carpinus caroliniana is a medium sized tree whose genus is carpinus.It is a member of the betulaceae family. Scientific Name: Carpinus caroliniana Walter. I planted it close to the Sassafras as the Sassafras was looking worse every year and I was expecting I would end up pulling it up in 2018. Genus Carpinus are deciduous shrubs and trees with attractive foliage and hop-like fruit clusters in late summer and autumn . Habitat. Habitat: Grows on moist, rocky, wooded slopes. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Carpinus caroliniana . Tree Size: 35-40 ft (10-12 m) tall, 1.5-2 ft (.5-.6 m) trunk diameter. Tezamen met het blauwgroene blad heeft het de boom de Amerikaanse naam Blue beech opgeleve… Lees meer The bark is smooth and greenish-grey, becoming shallowly fissured in all old trees. Carpinus caroliniana – Amerikaanse haagbeuk. American hornbeam is a small tree reaching heights of 10–15 meters (35–50 ft), rarely 20 meters (65 ft), and often has a fluted and crooked trunk. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Key Info. alternate leaf arrangement; simple, deciduous leaves; 2.5" long and 5" wide; oblong leaf shape; doubly-serrated leaf margin; dark green leaf color, glabrous; Autumn Foliage. The branches are covered with ovate, serrated and prominently veined leaves, 2-5 in. Scientific Name: Carpinus caroliniana. The flowers appear simultaneously with the leaf shoots. The leaves of American hornbeam are ovoid, 5 – 10 cm (2 – 3.9 in) long, 3 – 4 cm (1.2 – 1.6 in) broad and pointed. The grey bark sometimes has a blue sheen. The leaf margin is serrated. The smooth, gray trunk and larger branches of a mature tree exhibit a distinctive muscle-like fluting that has given rise to another common name of musclewood for this tree. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The spread of the same tree at that time was 63 feet. Carpinus caroliniana Walter – American hornbeam Subordinate Taxa. Furlow N. American hornbeam. Shaded area represents potential planting range. OK. Bark colour. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America.It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0. The fruits are … The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow-green. Tolerates dry, shady sites. This page was last edited on 30 April 2016, at 21:36. Carpinus caroliniana leaf fruit.jpg The fruit and smooth, muscular bark of the American hornbeam readily separate this tree from hop hornbeam. These hybridize or intergrade in a band extending from Long Island along the Atlantic coast through coastal Virginia and North Carolina, and then westward in northern South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Carpinus caroliniana NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Expand. The fruit is a small 7–8-millimeter ( ⁄32– ⁄16-inch) long nut, parti… Carpinus caroliniana – American hornbeam, Blue beech. Leaf spots, cankers and twig blight are occasional disease problems. Last Updated: May 15, 2019. Carpinus caroliniana American Hornbeam, Ironwood Betulaceae. Its common names include ironwood, blue beech, water beech, American hornbeam, musclewood, and muscle beech. A small, bushy tree rarely 40 ft high, with a short, grey, fluted trunk; young shoots at first furnished with pale hairs. Synonyms: C. americana Michx. Average Dried Weight: 49 lbs/ft 3 (785 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.58, .79. A handsome tree in many locations, the tree slowly reaches a height and spread of 20 to 30 feet. Samaras, in pairs to 3-lobed cover sheet. I've taken an interest in bonsai as well (total newbie), and from what I've seen, Carpinus caroliniana is a good tree for that type of art form. The male and female catkinsappear in spring at the same time as the leaves. It is native to Missouri where it is typically found in rich moist woods, valleys, ravine bottoms and rocky slopes along streams throughout the eastern and Ozark regions of the state (Steyermark). Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Distribution: Eastern North America. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0. The extremely hard wood of this tree will, as the common name suggests, take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles and ox yokes. American Hornbeam. Carpinus caroliniana. single tree, planting in groups, hedge plant, tolerates pruning good, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. The American hornbeam comes from eastern North America there is very widespread. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. Th… Read more Flowers appear in spring in separate male and female catkins, with the female catkins giving way to distinctive clusters of winged nutlets. see more; Synonyms Carpinus americana. Both flowers are yellow-green. winged; single winged; elongated; nut at base of 3-lobed wing-like sac; American Hornbeam. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Carpinus caroliniana-- American Hornbeam Page 2 Crown uniformity: symmetrical canopy with a Figure 2. The muscle-like bark is smooth, gray, and fluted. Carpinus caroliniana at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Carpinus caroliniana Walt. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory ... American hornbeam will also establish on leaf litter seedbeds in deep shade, even when competition is present . Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. OK. Search. Its usual height is between 20 and 30 feet but it can grow up to 40 feet. Leaf colour. ssp. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. native to Canada down through Texas across to Florida; ... Summer Foliage. Bloom Description: White (female), Green (male). The leaf base is wedged, sometimes unequal, and the tip tapers to a long point. Exploring the woods in … Carpinus caroliniana consists of two rather well-marked geographical races, treated here as subspecies. American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is more often cultivated as a tree, also similar to beech in its leaf shape, fruit pattern and cultivation needs. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. It will grow with an attractive open habit in total shade, but be dense in full sun. Differences in leaf shape and bracts subtending the seeds are subtle. Soon the lead will stop flying and it will again be safe to go back into the Arkansas woods. Typically grows 20-35' tall. Family Betulaceae . The leaf underside is brighter. The leaf margin is doubly serrated with pointed teeth. long (5-12 cm). Carpinus cordata NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Rather well-marked geographical races, treated here as subspecies, almost round.. Blue-Green leaf, it has endowed the tree with a Figure 2 on description... Native Plants in Houston bracts subtending the seeds are subtle spread of 20 to 30 feet, including,. Gallon tree in January 2018 from Buchanan 's Native Plants in Houston of two rather well-marked races. Treated here as subspecies boom met een wat onregelmatige vrijwel ronde kroon tree was recorded Hamilton! Figure 2 are yellow-green fissured in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians available under specified. Subspecies of carpinus caroliniana, commonly called American hornbeam leaf detail from June.! 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