The garden around the mosque is well tended and is a popular location for family picnics. [21] The roof is covered with cast-aluminium tiles, (similar to the Fez tiles), stronger and more reliable than traditional ceramic tiles, and about 35 percent lighter. The adoption of this plan has been described as "a conflict between King Hassan II the ancient aristocrat and King Hassan II the contemporary leader who must develop commerce and industry in order meet the needs of his country. The Hassan II Mosque (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني‎, French: Grande Mosquée Hassan II) is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. From the nearest train station at Casa-Port it is about a 20-minute walk to the mosque. Planifiée sur le site de l’ancienne piscine municipale, sa construction a débuté le 12 juillet 1986 et son inauguration a eu lieu le 30 août 1993, après sept ans de travaux. La Mosquée Hassan II est construite sous le règne et les directives du roi Hassan II. [21], Effective restoration works were instituted in April 2005. This was built 5 metres (16 ft) below the highest water level. Elle est surmontée d'une toiture mobile de 3 400 m2 et de 1 100 t, cette dernière est une structure métallique tridimensionnelle recouverte de bois de cèdre sculpté et peint, elle s'ouvre en 5 minutes grâce à un système de roulement à roues automotrices, elle permet (selon le vœu de feu roi Hassan II), de relier cet édifice à l'air, considéré comme l'un des quatre éléments bénéfiques à la vie (terre, eau, feu et air). In the third phase, the structural slabs and pillars on the exterior part of mosque exposed to the sea were demolished; 6,000 cubic metres (210,000 cu ft) of concrete was removed. "[15] The building dimensions are 200 metres (660 ft) in length and 100 metres (330 ft) in width. It was dedicated to the Sovereign of Morocco. The base to the top width ratio of 1 to 8 (between basement and the summit) has a marble covering on the exterior with austere decoration. The historical context of the mosque began with the death of King Mohammed V in 1961. Apart from the mosque, other structures in the area are a madrasa (Islamic school), hammams (bathhouses), a museum on Moroccan history, conference halls, and a very large library said to be the "most comprehensive in the Islamic world. History of the Hassa Mosque The Hassan II mosque (masjid al-Hassan ath-thani) is a mosque located in Casablanca (Morocco). Cette salle est dotée d'un système électrique de chauffage au sol, au centre un cours d'eau artificiel a été réalisé grâce à un circuit d'eau fermé avec trois ouvertures dans le sol donnant sur la salle des ablutions qui se trouve au sous-sol. [21] This enabled the building of a taller structure with due underpinning of the foundation, while adhering to the construction schedule. [3], The mosque is located at Bd Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah in Casablanca. Ces tuiles ont apporté un gain de poids de 65 % par rapport aux tuiles traditionnelles de Fès avec des performances de fiabilité beaucoup plus élevées. A "triptyich marble partition with open work and central window flanked by two smaller sized windows" are built on the wall of the façade. Elle est construite sous le règne et les directives du roi Hassan II. The story around the Hassan II Mosque is quite impressive. It is oriented towards Mecca, across the sea and has a range of 30 kilometres (19 mi). Two stories in height, it is constructed in a semi-circular shape, with abutting qibla wall and the mihrab section. Hassan II Mosque. In the second phase, the voids seen in the prayer hall were filled with concrete. In the words of the authors of the book Morocco Country Study Guide, the Hassan II Mosque "undeniably marks the continuity of a modernized ancestral art and bears the sign of innovations that are due not only to technical reasons but also to a fertile exploration of new aesthetic possibilities. La mosquée Hassan-II ([1]arabe : مسجد الحسن الثاني (masjid al-Hassan ath-thani)) est une mosquée située à Casablanca (Maroc). Earlier in this article, under "Architecture and Fittings" it is said that the whole building is 200 m long. Cet ouvrage exceptionnel, souvent critiqué lors de sa réalisation, a permis de relancer l'artisanat marocain sous toutes ses formes mais a également été à l'origine du "béton à hautes performances" pour assurer la surélévation du minaret de 175 à 210 mètres. Built in just seven years during the reign of King Hassan II to be the most ambitious structure ever built in Morocco, the Hassan II Mosque is one of only two mosques in the country open to non-Muslims. [9], Work commenced on July 12, 1986,[13] and was conducted over a seven-year period. At the same time, he wanted to create a mausoleum to commemorate the late King Mohamed V. The mosque was … nécessaire]. [9] The smallest contribution was 5 DH. La mosquée Hassan-II est l'une des plus grandes mosquées au monde, conçue par l'architecte Michel Pinseau, elle a été édifiée par le groupe français Bouygues et la maîtrise d'ouvrage a été assurée par l'ex-ministère de l'Intérieur Driss Basri. Le hammam est constitué de trois salles : une salle quasiment froide voire légèrement tiède, une salle avec une température modérée et la dernière salle est très chaude, la température peut atteindre jusqu'à 47 °C, c'est aussi le point d'eau du bain[réf. The minaret is 60 stories high topped by a laser, the light from which is directed towards Mecca. La mosquée possède un minaret d'une hauteur de 200 à 210 m[6],[7]. [16] Tadelakt, a plastering technique which adds egg yolks and black soap into mixed plaster, was used in the hammam baths. In addition to public donations and those from business establishments and Arab countries (such as Kuwait and Saudi Arabia), western countries provided construction loans, which Morocco repaid.[4]. Image d'un boulevard qui mène à la mosquée. Planifiée sur le site de l'ancienne piscine municipale, sa construction a débuté le 12 juillet 1986 et son inauguration a eu lieu le 30 août 1993, après sept ans de travaux. [12] It displays elements found in other Moroccan buildings such as the unfinished mosque in Rabat and the Koutoubia Mosque in Marrakesh. Toutes les portes extérieures de la salle sont habillées de titane et laiton, elles sont au nombre de dix-huit. [13] It weighs 1100 tons and can be opened in five minutes; it measures 60 metres (200 ft) high, with an area of 3,400 square metres (37,000 sq ft). A maximum of 105,000 worshippers can gather together for prayer: 25,000 inside the mosque hall and another 80,000 on the mosque's outside ground. 10,000 artists and craftsmen participated in building and beautifying the mosque. Gérée jusqu'en 2009 par l'Agence urbaine de Casablanca, elle dépend actuellement de la Fondation de la mosquée Hassan-II de Casablanca[4]. Called B.H.P (highly resistant concrete), it offers a resistance to compression value of 1200 bars per sqcm (claimed to be a world record) and has a very quick setting time. The museum opened its doors to the public after the construction of the mosque. History: The historical context of the mosque began with the death of King Mohammed V in 1961. Ce petit musée vient raconter l'histoire de la construction de la mosquée Hassan II en mettant à la lumière du jour ce patrimoine et savoir-faire artisanal ancestral, aménagé au rez de chaussée sur deux grands couloirs, elle comporte une collection de plaques de zellij, des morceaux de bois sculpté et bois peint, des murs en stuc taillé retraçant les étapes de ce savoir-faire, des spécimens de calligraphie arabe, une boutique de livres et souvenirs de la mosquée. La salle de prière peut accueillir 25 000 fidèles1 d'une superficie totale de 20 000 m2. Sa superficie est de deux hectares, elle est composée de deux niveaux : le rez-de-chaussée divisé en trois nefs symétriques pour les hommes, elle est d'une capacité de 20 000 personnes et les mezzanines pour les femmes d'une superficie de 3 500 m2 et d'une capacité de 2 500 personnes chacune. La salle des prières peut accueillir 25 000 fidèles d'une superficie totale de 20 000 m2 et l'esplanade 80 000 fidèles (l'ensemble complet peut accueillir 105 000 personnes)[8],[9],[10]. "[12], The prayer hall is on the ground floor. The building is built partially on land and partially over the ocean. The faces of the facade have carved ornamentation with different materials. Shorts et sans manches sont absolument interdits. "[9] The 41 fountains[11] in the courtyard are all well decorated. All of the granite, plaster, marble, wood and other materials used in the construction, were extracted from around Morocco, with the exception of some Italian white granite columns and 56 glass chandeliers. et l'e… The doors are electrically operated. This siting was accomplished by creating a platform linking a natural rock outcrop reclaimed from the sea,[7][8] where a swimming pool had previously been located. Cranes were also designed to suit the height of the minaret for concreting. [18] The mosque has capacity to accommodate 25,000 devotees for prayers in the main hall and another 80,000 in the plaza squares around it. C'est un bâtiment hémisphérique à colonnades qui comprend les salles de classe, des salles de réunions et un appartement royal autour d'une cour intérieure[12]. Fondation de la mosquée Hassan-II de Casablanca, Portail de l’architecture et de l’urbanisme, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mosquée_Hassan-II&oldid=177064009, Page avec coordonnées similaires sur Wikidata, Article avec une section vide ou incomplète, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Portail:Architecture et urbanisme/Articles liés, Portail:Religions et croyances/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. For Hassan II mosque is located at Bd Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah in Casablanca ( Morocco ),! 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