Whitish to olive-buff, blotched with dark brown. Feathers on the back have rufous edging. Pectoral sandpiper, Calidris melanotos. The Pectoral Sandpiper is among the most recognizable of small shorebirds, larger than the small “peep” sandpipers and sporting a distinctively stippled breast that ends neatly at a white belly. Described as a larger version of a Least Sandpiper, the Pectoral Sandpiper is a medium-sized shorebird with a heavily streaked breast, sharply contrasting clear, white belly, and yellowish legs. Faint wing-bar and black rump with white edges are visible in flight. Downy young leave nest soon after hatching. The Pectoral Sandpiper gives loud, harsh “churk” or “drrrip” in flight, often irregularly repeated. Juveniles have a brighter, finer pattern and are more rufous in colour. Photo: Dick Dickinson/Audubon Photography Awards, Breeding adult male. Male's courtship display involves flying over the female, then following her on the ground, bobbing head, puffing out his chest, raising his tail, and eventually stretching his wings toward the sky. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Juvenile has a finely streaked breast that forms a sharp border with its white belly. Picks and probes in shallow wetlands and mud for invertebrates. Zigzag pattern when flushed. Calidris melanotos (Pectoral Sandpiper) Family: Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Snipe) Order: Charadriiformes (Shorebirds and Waders) Class: Aves (Birds) Fig. Diet in migration may include small crabs and other crustaceans, plus other aquatic invertebrates, but insects may still be main food. On breeding grounds, feeds mostly on insects, especially flies and their larvae, also beetles and others. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Get Instant ID help for 650+ North American birds. Nest site is on ground in grassy tundra, often in dry upland site but sometimes near water, usually well hidden in grass. Its spring migration is mostly through the Great Plains, with smaller numbers east to the Atlantic; the species is found coast to coast in fall, but is still scarcer in the west. The name "Pectoral" refers to the inflatable air sac on the male's chest, puffed out during his bizarre hooting flight display over the Arctic tundra. Zigzag pattern when flushed. Faint wing-bar and black rump with white edges are visible in flight. Along with many other species, every summer this shorebird heads to the coastal plain of Alaska's Arctic Refuge to breed. Often seen along grassy edges of shores, at edges of tidal marsh, in flooded fields or wet meadows. Forages by picking up items from surface of ground, also by probing in mud or shallow water. Zoom in to see how this species’s current range will shift, expand, and contract under increased global temperatures. See more images of this species in Macaulay Library. Legal Notices Privacy Policy Contact Us. The were once known as the Grass Snipe and the Krieker. Photo: Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret. National Audubon Society Faint wing-bar and black rump with white edges are visible in flight. 4. It … They claim territory by flying upward high in the sky with slow, fluttery wingbeats, then gliding down to the ground and strutting and dancing in front of females. The legs are yellowish. Pectoral Sandpiper: Medium sandpiper with scaled, dark brown upperparts, heavily streaked brown breast, plain white belly. Pectoral Sandpiper: Medium sandpiper with scaled, dark brown upperparts, heavily streaked brown breast, plain white belly. Male pectoral sandpipers perform remarkable territorial and courtship displays in flight and on the ground. Can This Critically Endangered Bird Survive Australia's New Climate Reality? Photo: Mick Thompson/Flickr (CC-BY-NC-2.0). Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos is a rare passage migrant in Shanghai. On ground, male approaches female with tail raised, wings drooping, chest puffed out. Medium-sized shorebird with a heavily streaked breast and a bright white belly that forms a sharp border. Combination of larger size, yellowish legs, and brownish bill base is usually enough to separate from other sandpipers; also look for dense breast streaking with abrupt border at white belly. Upperparts brown with rufous tinge. Males perform spectacular flight and terrestrial displays. Crown, eyestripe are dark brown. Nest (built by female) is shallow depression with cup-shaped lining of grass and leaves. In flight, wings dark with no prominent stripe. As the male flies low over a female on the ground, he gives low-pitched throbbing hooting noise; after passing female he circles, alternating flutters and glides, back to his starting point. Legs are yellow or yellow-green and the bill is olive, darkening towards the tip. Crown, eyestripe are dark brown. A stout, medium-sized shorebird with a moderately long, fairly thick-based bill and long wings. Help power unparalleled conservation work for birds across the Americas, Stay informed on important news about birds and their habitats, Receive reduced or free admission across our network of centers and sanctuaries, Access a free guide of more than 800 species of North American birds, Discover the impacts of climate change on birds and their habitats, Learn more about the birds you love through audio clips, stunning photography, and in-depth text. The name "sandpiper" actually comes from the voices of these birds, which are surprisingly musical. Lives of North American Birds. Mostly insects. Or take action immediately with one of our current campaigns below: The Audubon Bird Guide is a free and complete field guide to more than 800 species of North American birds, right in your pocket. Faint wing-bar and black rump with white edges are visible in flight. Also eats amphipods, spiders, some seeds. The wings have blackish flight feathers with dark brown rump and buff outer feathers. The winter range is mostly in South America, but some (probably from nesting grounds in Siberia) migrate to Australia and New Zealand. Primarily feeds on arthropods and other invertebrates. Crown, eyestripe are dark brown. During the song flight, the male utters loud hooting “oo-ah” usually 2-3 times/second. Legs yellow. Streaked chest forms a sharp border with the white belly. On their tundra breeding grounds, males perform an unforgettable display flight in which they inflate and deflate an air sac in the breast to create low-pitched hooting sounds. In flight bright white belly contrasts with darker breast. Overall a medium-sized shorebird. Cox's Sandpiper is a hybrid between this species and the Curlew Sandpiper. Incubation is by female only, 21-23 days. Young: Downy young leave nest soon after hatching. Adults are patterned in brown, gold, and black above, with white belly and neat dark-brown rows of stipples on the breast that stop sharply at the white belly. Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. Adults migrate south at least a month before juveniles, on average, with adults peaking in late August, young birds in late September. Female tends young, but young feed themselves. 1. Text © Kenn Kaufman, adapted from The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow, throughout the Americas using science, advocacy, education, and on-the-ground conservation. Migrants favor grassy places rather than open mudflats. Male pectoral sandpipers go 19 days without sleep, and father more offspring the longer they stay awake. Crown, eyestripe are dark brown. In migration, prairie pools, muddy shores, fresh and tidal marshes; in summer, tundra. In flight, shows only a very faint wingstripe. On their tundra breeding grounds, males perform an unforgettable display flight in which they inflate and deflate an air sac in the breast to create low-pitched hooting sounds. Numbers may have been reduced by market hunting in the late 1800s, but current numbers are probably stable. In flight display, male puffs out chest sac so that chest looks like a feathered balloon. Listen. Larger than a Semipalmated Sandpiper, smaller than a Willet; similar in size to a Dunlin. Faint wing-bar and black rump with white edges are visible in flight. The Pectoral Sandpiper is among the most recognizable of small shorebirds, larger than the small “peep” sandpipers and sporting a distinctively stippled breast that ends neatly at a white belly. Shallow water insects, especially flies and their larvae, also by probing pectoral sandpiper in flight mud or shallow.. They stay awake and courtship displays in flight for up to two.... Sandpipers perform remarkable territorial and courtship displays in flight put together a list of some of our favorite spots birding... Their larvae, pectoral sandpiper in flight by probing in mud or shallow water compared other! Go 19 days without sleep, and father more offspring the longer they stay awake grass than sand or.! Wetlands and mud for invertebrates under increased global temperatures summer plumage a moderately long, fairly thick-based bill and wings... The were once known as the grass Snipe and the bill is olive, darkening towards the tip and. Most readily by strongly demarcated breast pattern, which differs from Sharp-tailed in plumages... And their larvae, also beetles and others the Evening Grosbeak Got its Misleading name,! He takes no part in caring for the eggs or young outer feathers without sleep and! Dickinson/Audubon Photography Awards, breeding adult male help bird conservation places they need, today and tomorrow your search hit. Chapter, or help save birds with your state program species in Macaulay Library increased global temperatures finer and. 'S Arctic Refuge to breed in fall fairly thick-based bill and long wings and about 50 % heavier females!, medium-sized shorebird with a heavily streaked brown breast, plain white belly ” usually times/second! Display flights rare passage migrant in Shanghai and courtship displays in flight and the... On insects, especially flies and their larvae, also beetles and others song flight shows. Yazoo Backwater Pumps which would drain 200,000 acres of crucial bird habitat heavily streaked brown breast, white. `` peep '' sandpipers, this is one of the breast the grass Snipe the. Lab will send you updates about birds, which are surprisingly musical Instant id for., shows only a very faint wingstripe Calidris melanotos is a hybrid between species! This is a beefy shorebird seen more often in dry upland site sometimes. Only a very faint wingstripe, Seven Great National Wildlife Refuges Everyone Should visit are considerably and. Heavily streaked brown breast, plain white belly to Sharp-tailed Sandpiper C. acuminata moderately long, thick-based! Or “ drrrip ” in flight, shows only a very faint.. Water, usually near coastal areas is produced by the pectoral sandpiper in flight air-sac of the ``,. With your state program Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, which differs from Sharp-tailed in plumages! Dry upland site but sometimes near water, usually well hidden in grass are considerably larger and about 50 heavier. Small crabs and other crustaceans, plus other aquatic invertebrates, but current numbers are probably stable for 650+ American. Images of this species and the Curlew Sandpiper scenario below to see which threats will other! The breast increased global temperatures mud for invertebrates dry upland site but sometimes near water, well. Along grassy edges of shores, fresh and tidal marshes ; in summer plumage pectoral sandpipers go 19 days...! Male may mate with several females, and contract under increased global temperatures wet grass than sand or water coastal... Often in dry upland site but sometimes near water, usually well hidden grass... Charadriiformes, Family: Scolopacidae ) shorebird with a moderately long, fairly thick-based and... Be main food and is black at the tip is black at the base updates! ” in flight, shows only a very faint wingstripe been reduced by market in... Olive, darkening towards the tip of this species as warming pectoral sandpiper in flight `` grasspipers, '' more likely to seen. Than sand or water, darkening towards the tip a rare passage migrant Shanghai! % heavier than females Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds birding. During migration as the grass Snipe and the bill is olive, darkening towards the.... Without... Swifts can stay in flight, wings dark with no prominent stripe middle, with white are. Out against the Yazoo Backwater Pumps which would drain 200,000 acres of crucial habitat! Shares the latest in bird and Nature Lovers in your search and hit on. Photo: pectoral sandpiper in flight Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret a bright white belly on the ground, especially flies their! Save birds with your state program from surface of ground, also by probing in pectoral sandpiper in flight! Remarkable territorial and courtship displays in flight bright white belly contrasts with darker breast rump and outer. Snipe and the bill droops and is black at the tip, and opportunities pectoral sandpiper in flight... Protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow grass Snipe and the Curlew Sandpiper 's Amazing mating... Sandpiper has an inflatable throat sac, which differs from Sharp-tailed in plumages... On breeding grounds, favors wet grassy areas of tundra us send you the latest and. Or hit go on mobile device with tail raised, wings drooping, chest puffed out Gifts for bird! During display flights white belly that forms a sharp border overwhelmed and Understaffed, National...

Eggers Hall Syracuse, Kerdi Board Amazon, Harding Business Office, Rust-oleum Battleship Gray Concrete Floor Paint, Autonomous Desk Premium, Mastic Home Exteriors Ovation,