Identify the proactive and reactive strategies that … You can get your custom paper from It is often seen as a vicious circle, starting with the volume of crime overwhelming the police, with few resources and the often endless paperwork, there is no time for any proactive work, resulting in the prolific offenders not being caught. Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/reactive-and-proactive-police-investigations/, This is just a sample. It involves using different methods of surveillance and uses modern technology to build up pictures of potential criminals and gather evidence of criminal behaviour. This essay aims to introduce and describe the two methods of policing and also to discuss their advantages and disadvantages. Yet as soon as something goes wrong, there is a rush to get it fixed as quickly as possible so as to minimize disruptions to workflow and productivity. Use a graded approach that considers the least restrictive alternatives first. Although the computerized intelligence system can be invaluable, only half of all forces have one. stream It is often referred to as breakdown maintenance. This type of maintenance strategy takes a reactive – rather than proactive – approach to equipment failure. There are a few uses for reactive social. Reassurance. Proactive strategies are preferable over reactive strategies because their purpose is to prevent incidents of challenging behaviour, resulting in the avoidance of the negative repercussions that the behaviour may cause, thereby contributing to the individual’s well-being. Disadvantages of Reactive Strategies Projects may not meet target dates and may exceed the budget since there is no proper planning No proper allocation of resources Creation of panic and worry in case of a problem, which may pose a threat to the stability of the business Informants are also a very cost effective approach to proactive policing as for every £1 paid to an informant, £12 of stolen property is recovered.Whereas reactive policing can be seen as a viscous circle, proactive policing can be called a virtuous circle, where, the police set and meet priorities and prolific offenders are caught, this deterring them from committing future crime and giving the public more confidence in the system. Categories 322: Promote positive behaviour Post navigation. Disadvantages of reactive maintenance More expensive. In many instances, the police would rather drop a case than, jeopardise the safety and identity of an informant and restrict any future use. Another part of proactive investigation is to use informants who exchange information for money or in order for them to receive a lighter punishment for a crime they have committed. In case you can’t find a sample example, our professional writers are ready to help you with writing Encourage the person and their family members or carers to be involved in planning and reviewing reactive strategies whenever possible. It must not include punishment. Maintaining your machinery before failures can increase asset life expectancy. Often the only way to gain enough evidence against a professional criminal is through surveillance, although this also has many ethical dilemmas. Whereas Proactive strategies identify triggers and early indicators that help to stop the behaviour before it starts, reactive strategies deal with the behaviour once it’s done. The effort is focused on the crime itself rather than the criminal that did it, and the paperwork ties up the officers and prevents them from doing proactive work, which is needed to identify and apprehend the prolific criminals. Reactive policing is felt to have limited impact against the more serious and professional criminals and tends to focus more on petty criminals. Knowing that if you become a victim of a crime, there is always a member of the police force at the end of a phone or patrolling the streets makes people feel a lot safer. Clear up rates improve and the police have more time for crime prevention, which deters more offenders and the crime rates are held.As with reactive policing, the proactive approach also has its disadvantages. "�!,�pم�ó��fpMZ���CZ3D"Y�9���I����L@��n#�G�ٓ������tH��{�LV,(R�u�3�}��Y��Z�D7t���Fg��CV�B\#�.�b-����p�o�!��S%�z5H�D(�KӐ�g�T%D &�g���N3ejg���U��y����#]VtA�+~�$+z�1sD�-*���}@��h4�T�W�T��'ڶX�-B�iovB�����v+���Xu�\fK� �op��d������?�^dE�F7F��� �U\ ԸIV+��U <> Surveillance activities are also incredibly expensive and time and resource consuming. Describe safeguards that must be in place if restrictive physical interventions are used. �`v�'�,�� z!T �e�W.dAR�#I����(LW�)���>�\ʢ��֔afRҷ�6�f�p[H���g���� R,�D�J�i?�UA5�����A���'X6O�$�!2;�Š��>�D,�o�4(�d�#�L�+�B�w3�� 6�g��C�*��d/���JK�J�����K]qC�w9� ��N�#=~�s���N��2QF$gt�q̎��8��j� �� �R2����l���0���#2E�����'��1��&@[�>&"�Y��y�d�� A9N2a&�;Ĕ��w�Qv�=K�e��� |���ߧ���\� �c̵̣�q�#��2I�I���o���-og�u��G+vܱg���4�C��ֶ�k@�$=�#R;&�7��7[�0�k��MBx�����2y���"x"&'�?tR��B �1� &����D�U: �x� �U�䚻��> ��3&���hl��I�_/�"� �Z�y���٘���$�#� rw�Ϲ�I�$���)D0Δ%�? Reactive strategies are designed to keep the person and those around them safe from harm. Disadvantages of a reactive maintenance strategy include: Unplanned downtime of essential equipment that causes manufacturers to face an unprecedented loss of up to $260,000 per hour Emergency repair and equipment replacement costs create an unpredictable budget Both Reactive and Proactive police investigations are used in Britain today in order to apprehend and punish criminals for breaking the law, from crimes like burglary and assault, to much more serious crimes such as drug dealing, fraud and murder. Reactive policing is all done openly and in the public eye and no ethical guidelines are broken. Reactive aims to deal with the consequences of crime and the victims, whereas proactive is a more crime preventative measure, aiming to stop the crime before it happens. We do actually know a tremendous amount about what to do in terms of reducing the use of restrictive practices at an organisational level. Because reactive policing is so time consuming, proactive work is often squeezed into the remaining available time and is rarely part of a planned programme.Many crimes are often left unreported and therefore undiscovered and the offenders never caught and punished, because people think that the crimes are too trivial to report or there is nothing the police can do about it, in some instances they have no faith in the polices’ ability to catch the offender. Personal details and the specific details of crimes that they committed are stored in a central computerized intelligence system within a force and can be accessed by members of that force.This database can then be used to link a number of crimes to one person or group, by looking at specific characteristics of the crimes committed such as the time of day the criminal usually acts or the type of weapon used. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. Although, under the law, all proactive methods are legal unless otherwise stated, they can also interfere with the due process model, which states that ‘all judicial enquiries should abide by strict and formal procedures, meaning a smooth running, fair and impartial system guaranteeing human rights’ Sage dictionary of criminology Covert operations are secretive and often use telephone taps and bugging devices and ignore a persons right to privacy and civil liberties, and therefore have grave ethical implications. Through analysing the data, the police are also able to spot patterns and trends in crime and target it before it happens, such as increasing patrols in specific areas before drug dealers or gangs move in, or educating school children about the dangers of crime in problem areas. /9�佛W�9��}��THק�ջ�R�i�I��`\����¸���%O~LIF�qlě�'|��]�SC;D ��h-�~�%�1�ci�L+�%���5Z��F8�Z�۶�2����67�0���G�K��͇���?fļIw)����m�#���׮lw}n�=P����ѵӭ�G��� #������n���L�k�,�]�~�Gp+�9Dam�ˢ���=�\C`�a���c���nE�Fzp�6\�����G*�D� r饻5���f+���^�\�M��^S��A���ChCz��ԛ���0:��ܪFs�@d����5BZ��?xe���CET�=鑧�* ��v�p|��_x �rZ���@ג Qd��7˪ ��Mv�뛃�?�=�����f��n �ɰ��$2��d�2d��1�����O���7L� Distraction. 11 Disadvantages of a Reactive Maintenance Program In our previous blog, Reactive vs Preventive vs Predictive Maintenance , we defined Reactive Maintenance as a strategy of repairing parts or equipment only after the asset has broken down or been run to the point of failure. The crime control model states how important law enforcement is, as, unless criminal conduct is kept under tight control, the view is that there will be a breakdown in public order and a limit to human freedom. our expert writers, Hi, my name is Jenn via Slate. Over a quarter of forces don’t have a surveillance team, often leading to officers attempting surveillance operations themselves without the sufficient training and equipment and wasting the opportunity. �9�u�*"#�w����~{�N�wͻ�����T&�n�E�/����V�5ƛ&�.���u����>J�g�k]��O�S�1��4 ȳ�� ZSZ�صp���i�Un�>xD'%}��` Reactive change management enables organizations to evaluate the factor of stability before adopting any change in their strategies. A product line might be retooled to take advantage of a trend that has already been noticed by the public at large, for example. It also operates on a personal level, with the police officers actually meeting and talking to the victims of crime, and also being able to offer help, in the form of a counsellor or another professional.Reactive police investigation also has its many disadvantages too. There is much scope for improvement inside the system and many problems, such as the time consuming reactive work, which allows the officers little time for anything else. Reducing expectations. Another form of surveillance is for an undercover police officer to infiltrate the criminal’s life and report back any information that is disclosed or discovered. This method of policing is by far the greatest lead the police get in detecting crime, and they are heavily dependent on the public’s cooperation.Many crimes that happen in private areas, such as inside people’s homes or businesses, would go undetected if not reported by members of the public, and it would be almost impossible for even legal powers to detect them. Get Your Custom Essay on, Reactive and Proactive Police Investigations, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, https://graduateway.com/reactive-and-proactive-police-investigations/, Get your custom @]F�� vI�� HqE�es��]/+�n{�}&m�! It is also a necessary but time consuming task to keep the database of informants up to date and check they are still active.In conclusion, both reactive and proactive methods of policing are invaluable and necessary if practised along side one another. Contrary to common intuition, this approach works out far more expensive in the long-run. The full value as a predictive technique cannot be realised unless the system is easily accessible, integrated and at a local level.Although surveillance tactics have proved to be invaluable, many forces are understaffed and inadequately equipped with the necessary technology to attempt it. Of restrictive practices at an organisational level way to gain enough evidence a... 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